Dr. Satywan SaurabhThe right of women to be free from violence, harassment, and discrimination should be strengthened so that they can demonstrate their potential as contributors to all kinds of work, communities, and economies after removal of barriers of an unsafe environment. It should be at the world level. In 2018, based on a poll of Thomson Reuters Foundation, India has been declared the most dangerous country for women. Criticism is being criticised worldwide for the disposal, handling of women’s safety measures, and handling of cases related to violence against women in India. Even after a lot of uproar in the 2012 Delhi gang-rape case, we have seen the violence in Kathua case, Hyderabad case, Unnao case, and Hathras case. This list is endless even today and the vicious cycle of violence against women is unbreakable.The country is deeply sorry for women’s safety. The National Family Health Survey suggests that 30 percent of women in India in the 15-49 age group have suffered physical violence since the age of 15. The report further reveals that 6 percent of women in the same age group have experienced sexual violence at least once in their lifetime. About 31 percent of married women have experienced physical, sexual, or emotional violence by their husbands. According to the National Crime Records Bureau 2019, about ten Dalit women are raped every day which is a matter of great concern. There are hundreds of reasons for the decrease in women’s safety in our country. First is the agreement of women with men with sexist, patriarchal, and sexually hostile behavior, that a man can do whatever he wants and it is his natural right?The second is social norms regarding gender and sexuality, which are not taking the name of breakdown. Also, male-dominant power relationships in relationships and families, sexist and pro-violence cultures, social norms and behaviors related to violence, lack of resources and support for domestic violence, childhood experiences of intimate partner violence (especially among boys), personality traits such as low socio economic status, poverty, and unemployment, lack of social connections and social capital, excessive enjoyment, feeling of caste superiority and false perception of objectification of women are making this wound ulcer. Now this epidemic has even made the issue worse. During the first four phases of the COVID-19-related lockdown, Indian women reported more domestic violence complaints than recorded in the same period in the previous 10 years. The reason for this unusual boom is that 86% of women experiencing domestic violence do not ask for help in India.Women who experience violence have a higher risk of unwanted pregnancies, maternal and child mortality, and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV. Such violence can produce direct and long-term physical and mental health consequences. Violence causes serious injuries in women, chronic pain, gastrointestinal disease, gynecological problems, depression, and substance abuse. Mental health outcomes increase risk of depression in women, post-traumatic stress disorder, and risk of substance abuse, etc. In many societies, women who are raped or sexually abused are stigmatised and isolated, which affects not only their well-being but also their social participation, opportunities, and quality of life.Gender sensitisation is a basic requirement for understanding the sensitive needs of a particular gender. It helps to examine our personal attitudes and beliefs and to question our ‘realities’. Today it has become imperative for students of schools and colleges to experience sensitivity to get rid of misconceptions about physical activities. We should be able to ensure equal participation of women and men in decision making; to facilitate equally; equal access to and control over resources; to achieve the same benefits of development and to get equal opportunities in employment. One can gain equal respect in the economic, political, cultural and social spheres and all other aspects of their lives and livelihoods so that both sexes can enjoy their human rights without any hindrance. With the help of education, gender sensitivity in educational institutions we can create awareness among children, parents, and other members of the community about their role in the future, as do men and women in society. Furthermore, it is the power of education that can bring about a great social change in society at large.As we know that our society is rigid, it is difficult to change the mind of the people. Therefore, the government should introduce more welfare schemes for women so that they can praise sensitisation process. There is a dire need to change the deeply patriarchal attitudes of police, lawyers, and other judicial officers, who continue to contribute to low reporting and conviction rates. It is also important to bridge gender gap through laws such as property and land, inheritance, employment, and legal rights to income.To allow a woman to break out of abusive relationships and put special emphasis on women’s political and economic participation. No systematic intervention is necessary for multilateral relations between the health sector (medical and psychosocial support), social welfare sector (shelters, counseling and financial aid/skills) and legal (legal aid) ‘men and boys’ can act as agents, and also reduce manhood expectations, especially for young boys who target women as victims of violence.For women, the reclamation of spaces to increase their presence in visibility through political and economic participation and to diversify their engagement in non-traditional areas may put a stop to such violence. The use of technology and emerging concepts in urban policy can be helpful to ensure safe and gender-friendly infrastructure and spaces to prevent violence. In India, women are not protected simply because the laws that protect them do not apply in society.They are only as safe as that attitude and values. Therefore, gender sensitivity from the ground up, along with a strong framework of preventive laws, should be implemented with utmost diligence. This requires proper awareness of it in women and men as well for ending the vicious cycle of gender-based violence.
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