Air pollution has remained the biggest contributor as far as heart disease, stroke, lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are concerned. Followed by water pollution and workplace-related pollution pose the next largest risk. Welfare losses due to pollution are estimated to cost more than $ 4.6 trillion each year, equivalent to 6.2 per cent of global economic output. The growing number of pollution related deaths especially air and noise and smoke could have been one of the concern when the Supreme Court of India last year banned selling of crackers in National Capital Region and it is contemplating to bring a total ban on all India basis. But till date the ban did not dent the spirit of Diwali celebrations where people continue to burst crackers till late night with lacking interest of the administration as one of the factors. Surprisingly India has the world’s highest number of deaths due to air, water and other forms of pollution which itself has claimed as many as 2.5 million people in the country. Pollution is linked to an estimated nine million deaths each year worldwide-equivalent to one in six (16 per cent) of all deaths and account for one of the largest risk factors for premature death. Pollution is disproportionately affecting the poor and marginalised in every country worldwide. Types of pollution associated with industrial development, such as ambient air pollution, chemical, occupational pollution and soil pollution, have increased from 4.3 million (9.2 per cent) in 1990 to 5.5 million (10.2 per cent) in 2015 as countries reach higher levels of development. With rapid urbanization taking place how far court ruling can be effective in checking all the growing pollution related issues is to be seen in coming days? Cases of COPD are rising in the contiguous northern states of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K), Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Haryana, which have high indoor pollution because of smoke from heating and cooking fires.
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