China seems to be working overtime these days to see that Pakistan is not blacklisted by the Financial Action Task Force (FATF). Though it appears increasingly difficult to extricate the country from grey list where it has been put for the past couple of years. Pakistan Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi had claimed some days ago that his country will soon be in ‘white list’. Incidentally, there is no such list called a white list and apparently what he meant to convey was that his country will be out of the grey list. All efforts are being made by China and Pakistan together to ensure that Pakistan does not get further downgraded which can be very harmful to it. FATF has to weigh India’s complaints against Pakistan, and it also has to mollify the US concerns. Besides, it will have to factor in Pakistan’s performance in enacting various laws aimed at curbing flow of money into the hands of terrorists. In fact, not only the enabling legislative measures against terrorism, but also the actual enforcement of these laws by Pakistan would have to be monitored by this high powered body. Here, Pakistan has fallen far short of pious expressions of intent and is actually woefully short on enactments. Under the FATF norms, Pakistan must meet at least 13 of the 27 parameters laid down by the watchdog to harbour any hopes of coming out of the grey list. While Pakistan may have got three votes, of China, Turkey, and Malaysia, it needed to escape from being put in the black list, it would also need approval from 12 out of the FATF’s 39 members. This alone can ensure that the country is taken out of the grey list and reaches Qureshi’s imaginary white list. Leave aside 12, as of now, no other member nation is ready to support Pakistan in its efforts to wriggle out of grey list. One insurmountable problem faced by Pakistan is no visible action against designated terrorists like Hafiz Saeed, Masood Azhar and his brother, Zhakiur Rehman Lakhvi and others. The Deep State has nurtured these people over the past two decades or more for using against India. How does it suddenly jettison them, book them under some new law and banish them from public eyes? It cannot act against Haqqani network also which it helped so that it could get leverage in Afghanistan. All these things make it virtually impounding for Pakistan to come out of grey list even if India’s wish of putting it in black list is unlikely to be fulfilled.
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