China demanding discussion on Kashmir is typical of the Chinese diplomacy which always had remained doubtful of its intentions. The duality of the Chinese was very much reflective when it comes to Kashmir. It has been always with its all-weather friend of Pakistan whether its Hafiz Sayeed to declare a terrorist or sanctions against Pakistan or the recent diatribe on Kashmir. India has umpteen times cleared its stand that Kashmir is an integral part of the country and the abrogation of Article 370 was part of the exercise to bring the territory of erstwhile state Jammu and Kashmir including Ladakh to be integrated with the mainland. The reorgaisation too was also part of the same exercise of integration. The current move by China is third such attempt since August when the special status granted to Jammu and Kashmir under Article 370 of the Constitution was scrapped by the government, and the state was bifurcated into two union territories. What India can expect is the opposition from the European nation friends like France which earlier also opposed the Chinese move. China has been critical of India’s reorganisation of J-K, and has particularly criticised New Delhi for making Ladakh a union territory. China has more to lose compared to Pakistan with its massive investments in Gwadar port, Karakoram highway and mining of minerals from Pakistan occupied Kashmir territory which has been illegally leased out by Pakistan to it. In order to keep its investments safe China has sided with Pakistan. But when it comes to persecution of minorities like Uighurs Muslims China is no different than Pakistan. China is facing growing criticism over its persecution of some Muslim minority groups, huge numbers of whom are allegedly being held in internment camps. In August 2018, a UN committee heard that up to one million Uighur Muslims and other Muslim groups are being detained in the western Xinjiang region, where they’re said to be undergoing “re-education” programmes. The claims were made by rights groups, but China denies the allegations. At the same time, there’s growing evidence of oppressive surveillance against people living in Xinjiang. India’s decisions on Kashmir had also cast a shadow over Chinese President Xi Jinping’s visit to India in October for the second informal summit with Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
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