ABHISHEK JANDIAL“Climent Atlee, who was the Prime Minister of Britain when India got its independence, on his interview revealed that Subhash Chandra Bose was the reason for Britishers to leave India. However post-World War II was the time when majority of the the British Colonies were de-colonised. Jai Hind slogan we chant so proudly is given by Subhash Chandra Bose. Nevertheless, the tag of Father of Nation was conferred on Mahatma Gandhi by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose only on Azad Hind radio.He was the the man who dared to spearhead Azad Hind Fauj and pioneered his military March against the Britishers, with the aid of Germany-Japan-Italy led Axis Forces. He also cleared Indian Civil Services (ICS) and then became first Indian to resign the elite Services. So long is the legacy of Netaji, it has never been easy to consolidate his sacrifices and the difference he made. Born on 23 January,1897 in Cuttack of Bengal Presidency (present day Odisha)was an Indian nationalist whose defiant patriotism made him a hero in India, but whose attempt during World War II to rid India of British rule with the help of Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan left a troubled legacy. He began his political career as a leader of young radical wing of Indian National Congress in late 1920s and 1930s and rose to become Congress President in 1938 and 1939. In the famous Tripuri Crises, he resigned from Congress Presidentship because of his ideological differences with Gandhiji. He was subsequently placed under house arrest by the British before escaping from India in 1940. Aftermath he launched a new political party of his own-All India Forward Bloc. While he was under house arrest, he managed to escape from India, went to Germany via Afghanistan and Soviet Union along with an aide Bagat Ram Talwar. He took many pseudo names and pseudo identities to reach Germany. He travelled to Peshawar with the help of the Abwehr, where he met Akbar Shah, Mohammed Shah and Bhagat Ram Talwar. Bose was taken to the home of Abad Khan, a trusted friend of Akbar Shah’s. On 26 January 1941, Bose began his journey to reach Russia through British India’s North West Frontier with Afghanistan. In Germany he met Adolf Hitler who gave him a title Netaji. In German land, he made an army from Indian PoWs (Prisoners of War) who were caught by Germany fighting from Allied Forces (Britishers’ side). In November 1941, with German funds, a Free India Centre was set up in Berlin, and soon a Free India Radio, on which Bose broadcast nightly.By spring 1942, in the light of Japanese victories in southeast Asia and changing German priorities, a German invasion of India became untenable, and Bose became keen to move to southeast Asia. Hitler, during his only meeting with Bose in late May 1942, suggested the same, and offered to arrange for a submarine.Bose boarded a German submarine in February 1943.In Madagascar, he was transferred to a Japanese submarine from which he disembarked in Japanese led Sumatra in May 1943.He became the only civilian to travel half the globe in submarine during 2nd World War. After reaching Malaya, he took charge of Indian National Army from Ras Bihari Bose and renamed it Azad Hind Fauj. Thousands of Indian ethnic people living in Malaysia and Singapore volunteered to join Azad Hind Fauj. Spoken as a part of a motivational speech for the Indian National Army at a rally of Indians in Burma on 4 July 1944, Bose’s most famous quote was “Give me blood, and I shall give you freedom!”With the help of Japanese,he set Indian Flag in Andaman and Nicobar Islands which in 1942 were in Japanese possession. Meanwhile, revenging Pearl Harbour attack, USA dropped Nuclear bombs Little Boy and Fat Man on 5 August 1945 and 9 August 1945, leading to Japanese surrender from the war. Decision was taken by Bose to dismantle his Army. However Azad Hind Fauj remained the only Army who never surrendered before the winning Allied Forces. It is believed Netaji was died in a plane crash in present day Taipei (Taiwan). His alleged death ignited a rage among Indians and led to the only successful revolt of history-The Naval Mutiny. Nevertheless, the famous Red Fort Trials where his army senior officers-Shahnavaz Khan, PK Sehgal,Gurubaksh Singh Dhillon when sentenced to death, added tensions to Britishers of having country wide revolt. Soon after discussion with Congress leadership, Britishers announced freedom. A foreign reporter claimed before JL Nehru that he had seen Bose after his alleged death.When our second Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri went to Tashkent (USSR) to sign war stopping agreement with his Pakistan’s counterpart General Ayub Khan,it is said he had met Bose there. Bose’s death mystery became more intense when India heard about Shastri mysterious death. Many evidences were put before Mukherjee Commission by Anuj Dhar, who believed there didn’t happen any plane crash on 18 August 1945 and Bose had fleed to Russia to meet Joseph Stalin. Lived in Siberia for many years as Russian officer, he then came to Nepal and then China. Anuj Dhar’s book ‘India’s Biggest cover-up’ shows many theories. He believed he had become ascetic and then in early 1970s came to Uttarpradesh’s Faizabad where he lived as an ascetic by the name-Gumnami Baba. No one is sure about his death. All theories are believed to be rumours. Mukherji Commission rejected all the claims of Anuj Dhar. The man whose defiant patriotism made India an independent nation faded among numberless rumours. The wit of Subash Chandra Bose,his bravery, his sacrifices and his matchless patriotism will keep on inspiring the generations to come and contribute in nation building.We owe our freedom to this brave son of India who never died and will never die in the memories of those who are keeping themselves only after their nation.Jai Hind!
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