Vinod Chandrashekhar Dixit Election plays a pivotal role in a political system especially in a democratic form of government in a country. It is a tool which is used to choose the representatives of public to be sent to the governing bodies. Recently PM Modi had invited heads of all parties in Parliament to a meeting to discuss ‘one nation, one election’. Don’t we think, in India frequent elections are like celebrating festivals in India. Election Commission of India conduct election after one or two or three months in India .Frequent Elections is big problem In India and according to experts, hamper long-term policymaking because every decision is seen as bait for votes. Addressing the nation from Red Fort on August 15, PM Modi had made a case for ‘one nation-one election’, while mentioning the revocation of Article 370 as a step towards ‘One nation-One Constitution’ and introduction of Goods and Services Tax (GST) a move towards achieving ‘One nation-one law’. In 2003, Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee took up the matter with Congress president Sonia Gandhi who was receptive to begin with, but the idea could not be ultimately pursued. “One Nation, One Election” means structuring the Indian election cycle in such a manner that elections to Lok Sabha and State Assemblies are synchronized together. In such a scenario, a voter would normally cast his/her vote for electing members of Lok Sabha and State Assembly on a single day and at the same time. We all are aware that in 1952, for the first Lok Sabha elections it costed around Rs 11 crore, while in 2014 general elections, the government spent almost Rs 3,870 crore. In 2019, and there was 40% jump from 2014 costing an unprecedented Rs. 50,000Crores , according to the New Delhi based Centre for Media Studies. And these are just paper records and estimates. Add to this the cost of various incentives like television sets, goats, liquor and other personal goods to influence the voters. It was among the world’s most expensive elections. Preparing and conducting elections costs the public exchequer hundreds of crore each time and the money is mostly spent on arrangements, salaries and security. Thus holding simultaneous polls will lead to significant savings of public funds that can be better utilised elsewhere. Almost all political parties spend large sums of money in ensuring that no stone is left Unturned during campaigning. Holding simultaneous elections will ensure that the ministers can dedicate a good four years towards implementing policies and doing constructive work for their constituencies. The cost of such elections, the inevitable allegations of corruption and vote buying along with the expense of providing security and the logistics of conducting one election after another is raising the call for electoral reform across the country. The code of conduct which effectively stops all the agendas of government will be enforced only once, giving more time to governments to perform. The Law Commission headed by Justice B P Jeevan Reddy, in its May 1999 report said, “We must go back to the situation where the elections to Lok Sabha and all the Legislative Assemblies are held at once”. We can save unnecessary wastage of public wealth, shift of focus from governance because of multiple elections, wastage of security forces, wastage of time for teaches and other bank officers and government officers being appointed as individual booth officials. With elections taking place at various schedules, political parties and ministers are always in election mode which disrupts and distorts agendas with parties deferring reforms or make decisions with short-term views, thereby depriving citizens of clear policies. Apart from money, the other significant resource needed in abundance is the deployment of security forces. Holding simultaneous elections to the Lok Sabha and the state legislatures it will free up security forces, who are diverted from their core duties for each election. The winning party gets clear mandate in all houses and is increasingly prone to become autocratic and corrupt, sensing invincibility. With elections being announced the MCC comes into force. The Model Code of Conduct (MCC) which comes into force with the announcement of poll dates, prevents government from announcing any new schemes, make any new appointments, transfers and postings without the approval of election commission. This brings normal work of the government to a standstill. Expenses for conducting elections are not only incurred by the Election Commission but also by the Government at both the centre and at the state level. The Government of India is burdened with the expenses of conducting elections for the Lok Sabha. With every successive election there is a rise in the expenditure in conducting elections which is a burden on the exchequer. With the implementation of a single election in five years, there will be overall decline in the expenses incurred by the Government which they can utilize for the betterment of the people. It is nice that the present Modi government is working and have made the “One Nation” theory as their most peculiar aspect in order to rule and maintain the ongoing nation. There scheme of GST is under the One nation, One tax theory. Thus, the “One nation” theory has also been in thoughts for the election in India. There is no doubt that One Nation, One Election would reduce the cost of holding elections, and limit all elections to a single season.
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