The first ‘smart fence’ pilot project, which entails deploying laser fences and technology enabled barriers to plug venerable gaps along India’s borders, is expected to be formally launched soon by Home Minister Rajnath Singh. Such gadgetry will be deployed along 6,300 kilometers of India’s border with Pakistan in Jammu and Kashmir in the western and northern sectors and Bangladesh in the eastern sector. Compared to western sector, eastern sector bordering Bangladesh is much more peaceful and non-volatile. Smuggling of narcotics, infiltration by Pak-trained terrorists and human trafficking is high so to install these smart gadgets, as part of the Comprehensive Integrated Border Management System (CIBMS), along the Pakistan frontier first becomes a priority. The first pilot project of the CIBM System or smart fence is already in place and working in Jammu. The project has been in operation since 2017 in western front especially in Jammu frontier. The BSF, raised in 1965 for border guarding roles, is running two pilot projects of 5-km each in Jammu and, will subsequently be set up at four more porous patches: One each along the Indo-Pak IB in Punjab and Gujarat and one each at Tripura, West Bengal and Dhubri (Assam) along the Indo-Bangla border. Technology will replace the laborious patrolling by troops and would improve the reflex action in case of any threat from across borders. On the eastern side in Dhubri, across the Brahmuptra, a stretch of 55-60 kilometers has been placed under technology surveillance as there is no possibility of erecting a fence there. India has adopted the Israeli technology for smart fencing as the same has been tested for its Gaza Strip security against the Palestine attack. There cannot be a thing like 100 per cent fool-proof. But, this new system will be more effective than the existing system and will have multi-layered security systems.
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