The skill upgrade plan announced by the Union Government envisages training 400 million individuals by 2022 to plug the gap between demand and supply in the industrial sector and to improve the job absorbability of the young generation. At present despite having a trained and skilled workforce, who got formal training in industrial training institutes, the unemployment rate remains as high as 14.5 per cent according to a Labour Ministry study. Except for handful of trades like leather works, plumbing, motor driving and tour and travel operations most of the other categories of skilled persons exhibits a double digit growth in unemployment figure. Unless new jobs, especially in the manufacturing sector are created imparting skills to millions will not solve the employment problem. Even the existing industrial scenario too has a deficit in skill availability and what Govt primarily should have done was to improve upon the industrial policy. The policy should aim at growth and skill development to go in tandem so that existing as well as anticipated shortage of trained manpower can be foreseen as per the industries demand. Majority of educated and uneducated job seekers in rural and urban India have no skills. 90% of employment is in unorganised sector. By 2020, 220 million students will pass out from school – out of which 150 million will not enroll for college education or will not be able to get college education. These individuals will therefore have the choice of getting trained vocationally. The Jammu and Kashmir government has been running various schemes for skill development in sectors of micro and small scale industry, vocational and technical education, agriculture, horticulture, information technology, tourism, animal and sheep husbandry are imparted but most of them have not been able to serve the targetted segment as the employability factor is very low within the state and very few are ready to move out of the state’s precincts.
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© 2017 State Times Daily Newspaper