Treating Jammu and Kashmir as an integral part of India, Pakistan had signed the Indus Water Treaty with India on September 19,1960. The then President of Pakistan Field Marshal Mohammed Ayub Khan and the then Prime Minister of India Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru had put the seal on this treaty at Karachi in terms of the Instrument of Accession (IOA) signed by the then Maharaja of J&K Hari Singh with Union of India on October 26, 1947 which was accepted by the Viceroy General of India Lord Mountbaton on October 27, 1947. It is quite evident from the fact that Pak Government of the time signed the Indus Water Treaty on September 19,1960 over the usage of water flowing from the rivers of the eastern and western areas. The rivers Indus, Jhelum and Chenab are the eastern rivers in J&K and whereas the rivers Ravi, Beas and Sutlej are the western rivers. All the eastern rivers are originating and flowing from the areas of J&K. Principally, Pak agreed rather accepted that these rivers are the properties of J&K State. Pak while signing the Indus Water Treaty with Indian Government had accepted that the J&K State is an integral part of India. It was brokered by the World Bank. It is very much on record that as and when there was any conflict over the usage of water from the captioned rivers, many a time various Pak delegations had visited J&K and sorted out the problems with regard to the starting of various Hydroelectric Power Projects in J&K State from time to time. This important treaty is still in force as on date. This means that Pak has no locus standi over Kashmir for which over the past seven decades, it is crying for the settlement of Kashmir tangle. It has made this as a bogey just to exploit the Kashmiri sentiments in the Kashmir Valley.
Up to this time, Pak had fought three wars with India in 1965, 1971 and 1999 and was defeated every time. It would be in the interests of both the countries for not going to war this time at least because of the reason that in the eventuality of war between the two nations, the massive destruction would be there as there is a big chance that Pak would be reduced to Zero on the globe. The political party – Teharik-e-Insaaf floated by the famous Cricketer Imran Khan in Pakistan 20 years back, remained as the victorious lot and most probably Imran Khan is going to become the Prime Minister of Pakistan within days. He was supported by the Military Generals, Pak Army and the ISI, in the elections held recently in Pakistan. In the very recent interview with international media after the results of the elections held in Pak last month, he announced that the relationships of his country with India would be improved. Only the time will tell as to what will happen in the days to come. Imran Khan is required to go for making the in depth study and analysis of the Kashmir problem and see the contents of the captioned Treaty signed between India and Pakistan on September 19, 1960 at Karachi thereby treating J&K as an integral part of India on whose behalf India had signed the said treaty and which was brokered by the World Bank. Pakistan can’t skip from this documentary evidence. If Imran Khan is really interested in the betterment of Pakistan and its subjects, as far as possible, should avoid confrontation with India rather jointly work for the peace in this subcontinent and if he, otherwise, remained stick and adamant on this score, Pak would cease to exist on the Globe.In view of the PAK acceptance that J&K is an integral part of India, there is no need of any dialogue on this score. For the appraisal of the readers, I am reproducing some of the aspects of the said treaty in the proceeding lines. Pertinent to mention here that the Government of India and the Government of Pakistan, being equally desirous of attaining the most complete and satisfactory utilisation of the waters of the Indus system of rivers and recognising the need, therefore, of fixing and delimiting, in a spirit of goodwill and friendship, the rights and obligations of each in relation to the other concerning the use of these waters and of making provision for the settlement, in a cooperative spirit, of all such questions as may hereafter arise in regard to the interpretation or application of the provisions agreed upon herein, have resolved to conclude a treaty in furtherance of these objectives, and for this purpose have named as their plenipotentiaries. Hydropower is one of the State’s key resources and J&K intends to accelerate harnessing this potential as an integral part of its economic development. Development of hydro potential in the State is expected to usher in huge economic benefits in the form of employment generation, in efficiencies in transmission and provide energy at affordable cost turn into a net energy exporter. Power is the critical infrastructure on which the country depends. The growth of the economy hinges on the quality power at competitive rates. Therefore, it is imperative that electricity is made readily available for growth of infrastructure, economy and overall better quality of life of the people. It is important to mention that the concerned quarters reveal that there exists a potential of 20,000 MV of power generation from the Hydroelectric Projects if established, across the State of Jammu and Kashmir from the western rivers – Indus, Chenab and Jhelum. It is very relevant to pin point that only 2,339 MV of power stands explored and generated out of the potential to the order of 20,000 MV by virtue of eight NHPC Power Projects in the State as on date which constitute only 24 per cent and yet there is wide (76 per cent) scope of power generation in the State. Salal Hydroelectric Project (690 MV), Dul Hasti Baghliar (390MV), Uri (480MV and 240MV) Sewa (120MV), Nimoo Bazgo (45MV) and Chutak (44MV).
Out of 2,339 MV power already generated according to the treaty 13 per cent i.e. 180 MV is going free of cost as the royalty. Also it is pertinent to mention here that the control over the water flowing in the three eastern rivers- Ravi, Beas and Sutlej with mean flow of 33 MAF was given to India and whereas the control over the water flow of 80 MAF in the three western rivers was given to Pak. While concluding the article, I hope that Imran would take cognisance of the contents of the said treaty in the right perspective for the ultimate benefit of the people of India and Pakistan.
( The author is a former KAS Officer and a Socio -Economic / Political Columnist)
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