The growing population in India has its own pluses and minuses. Already the economy is under the impact of this boom. Development remains the worst victim. India has seen a four-fold growth of population. According to the census, carried out in 2011, the population of India was exactly 1,210,193,422, which means India has crossed the 1-billion mark. This is the second most populous country of the world after China and the various studies have projected that India will be world’s number-1 populous country, surpassing China, by 2025. Inspite of the fact that the population policies, family planning and welfare programmes undertaken by the Govt. of India have led to a continuous decrease in the fertility rate, yet the actual stabilisation of population can take place only by 2050. The two main factors for over population are: The birth rate is still higher than the death rate. We have been successful in declining the death rates but the same cannot be said for birth rates. The fertility rate due to the population policies and other measures has been falling but even then it is much higher compared to other countries. Prime Minister Narendra Modi, also had expressed his concern over the growing population and consequences for the country in his Independence Day speech. Modi said, “we cannot think of an unhealthy society, we cannot think of an uneducated society. If the population is educated, empowered, and skilled and has adequate means available to achieve the right ambience to fulfill their wishes and needs, then I think the country can fulfill these things”. The Economic Survey 2018-19 observed that the population growth in India has been slowing for last few decades from an annual growth rate of 2.5 per cent during 1971-81 to an estimated 1.3 per cent as of 2011-16.India is heading for slowing down the population growth rate but we should not remain satisfied with this.
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