By Daya Sagar
A Look Through The Mist
The way the Indian leaderships and governments in Delhi have shown their understanding and approach towards the Indian state of J&K after 26th October 1947 and more particularly even after 1990 three key indicators that could be used for fixing ‘those responsible’ for the turmoil in J&K (Valley in particular), the inter- regional controversies and inter-religious instability and administrative as well as economic confusions in what the people of J&K have been made to live even after 70 years of the then Indian princely state of J&K with Independent India dominion could be : (1) Indian leadership that mattered in power as well as outside power arena had been keeping and is still keeping focus on Kashmir Valley only where after October 1947 the percentage of local non-Muslims had fallen to around 5%
(2) Even those locals ( including recognised ‘mainstream’) who were not for Pakistan or for the doctrine of two nation theory did sense the weaknesses of Indian leadership / governments that all along has remained lost in confusions even as regards the ‘totalness’ of J&K being India and hence found using the Muslim majority character of Kashmir Valley (J&K in general) as a better option for selling and establishing the theory that even when in 1947 J&K was a Muslim majority princely state people of “Kashmir Valley” still decided to accede to India dominion rejecting Pakistan in view of some special promises / commitments made with the then Kashmiri leadership by the Indian leadership. Kashmiri valley leaders have always been talking of talking of ‘Kashmiri’ aspirations (have rarely talked of J&K aspirations) and even in 2018 Delhi also talks of “winning” the hearts of Kashmiris. Whereas per Indian independence Act 1947 decision for accession was the right of the Maharaja and not of his subjects.
(3) Those people who were in 1947 for Pakistan or against India, though very-very less in number and having no mandate under the Indian Independence Act 1947 for influencing the decisions regarding accession to India or Pakistan or remaining independent, did get more grounds for cultivating their opinions as regards questions on accession 1947 since all these years no Indian leadership has worked truthfully to even remove the doubts as regards the controversies like that of merger viz -viz accession ,even date of accession, Art-370 being an ordinary article of Constitution of India viz-viz being a ‘bridge’ between India & ‘Kashmir’ raised by even some ‘mainstream’ political leadership worth spreading their tentacles (like Hurriyat, People’s Conference , JKLF etc ).
So, far, Indian leadership / Government of India have not been able to draw a clear line even between the separatist and mainstream ideologies. Going the behaviours as of both Congress and BJP the Self Rule Framework doctrine of PDP is within the frame work of Constitution of India even when it talks of joint control of India and Pakistan on some affairs concerning J&K (Clause-77 of PDP’s Self Rule Framework for Resolution says, “The Regional Council of Greater Jammu and Kashmir will have 50 members. The respective state assemblies of J&K and Pakistan Administered Kashmir shall elect 40 members. The remaining 10 members will be nominated, five each, by the Governments of India and Pakistan ) and in Clause-58-60 demands Autonomy of J&K from Indian nation state. In the Agenda of Alliance PDP had taken commitment from BJP for maintaining the special constitutional status of J&K but had managed to avoid any reference to PDPs’ Self Rule framework. Some innocent people in Kashmir Valley (even in other parts of J&K ) if get carried by even the separatist ideologies under such type of environment how could they be tagged with ‘anti national’ labels from Indian point of view.
J&K Affairs of Indian state of J&K have all these years been handled with a non yielding approach. Whenever any effort has been made by Government of India to feel the real pulse of the J&K affairs it has always tried to find solution with the help of messages and suggestions emerging from the politicians, administrators, thinkers , historians and community leaders mostly belonging to Kashmir valley or those ‘analysts’ who had been seeing J&K in Kashmir valley only. Very less efforts have been made by government of India for undoing the cultivated myths about the relationship of J&K with India and contributions of Kashmiris to make J&K accede to India over and above what the then Maharaja of J&K could do.
The Maharaja of J&K had not been able to take any decision regarding accession by 15th August 1947 and it was in October 1947 that Pakistan in the guise of ‘Tribals” attacked the borders of J&K.
The State forces were too little to stand the aggression and it was on 26th October 1947 that Maharaja Hari Singh signed the Instrument of Accession with India ( it was the same draft as was signed by other princely states with India ) . The Instrument of Accession that Government of India has in records is signed by Maharaja on 26th October 1947 but recently on 10th August 2016 Dr. Karan Singh ji ( who was in 1947 the Yuvraj – regent of J&K , then became Sadar-e- Riyasat of J&K, then remained even Indian Union Minister & ambassador to US and is the eldest leader that we have in J&K today ) has said in Rajay Sabha that Instrument accession was signed by his father Maharaja Hari Singh ji on 27th October in his presence when he was also there in the same room. Not only that Karan Singh ji also said that while other princely states also merged with India but J&K only acceded and state had not executed merger document with India like others. But so far neither in the Parliament nor outside parliament any official statement has been made by Government of India as regards denying or accepting the date and merger controversy although the subjects required immediate attention ( Ofcourse in all my books / write ups I have also held the date as 26th October 1947 ).
It is only with regard to J&K the Accession Day is observed even after 70 years where as in no other state it is observed. Such brief references made here should be enough to understand how the doubts have been allowed and are still being allowed to survive all these years. What signal such things send to outside world could be well understood.
J&K is under governor rule since 20th June after having remained under BJP-PDP alliance government for more than three years when BJP pulled out of the government pleading that militancy / separatist activities and radicalism had further increased after 2015.
Security forces / army can relieve the civil administration of the militant pressuresbut the ideological strains / myths/ doubts in the local polluted environment have to be medicated by the socio political leaderships but that did not happen even after 2015. Government of India with governor rule in place should at least now discourage all kinds of political opportunism & encourage those political groups which make their cadres get down from “twitter” and pick up courage to move amongst the lanes / streets of Kashmir valley. People of J&K too in their own interest should now reject all type of political opportunism.
(Daya Sagar – Sr Coloumnist J&K Affairs and a social activist can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org)
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