Prof. (Dr) R.D. Gupta
Now a days, whenever we talk about planting of trees, it is always about along the roadsides, in the parks institutes or societies. We have stopped thinking about the social and communities planting that has many visible and hidden advantages. This has led to the extinction of a few old timers. See the photographs/pictures.
There was a time when we used to see many of the fruit trees such as Shahtoot -Mulberry (Morus alba) Ber (Zizyphus mauritiana), Phalsa (Grewia asiatica), Jaman-Black Berry (Syzygium cumini), Bel, Bael or Bil(Aegle marmelos), Karonda (Carrisa carandus), Katha (Acacia catechu) etc. after every few yards (meter) either along the road side, in the houses or growing in the wild as no mans property. All this is attributed to the developments, encroachments deforestation and overgrazing of the grasslands (pastures). Even in orchards many farmers/gardeners had totally ceased to plant the aforesaid fruit trees. However, all thanks to the “Jammu and Kashmir Paryavarn Sanstha (Environment Society) under the Presidentship of Major General Goverdhan Singh Jamwal (Retired) under whose efforts/guidance, many people especially of Kandi Belt of Jammu, have started to plant aforesaid fruit tree species.
The list of various fruit trees which were planted and are
surviving in the wild or open spaces presented in Table 1. Besides, some medicinal plants which have shown very good growth, have also been mentioned in abovesaid Table. These medicinal plants mostly consist of Bahera (Terminalia belerica), Harnar (Terminalia chebula), Amla (Phyelanthus emblica), Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera), Neem (Azadirachta india).
A few suggestions for successful cultivation of fruit trees in Kandi belt of Jammu
i) I do not advocate to plant these fruit trees along the roads for the fear of stones, limb breakage etc. They should rather plant in colonies like Channi Himat, Sainik Colony, Greater Kailash etc.\
ii) Further it is stressed that these fruit trees could be planted in corners or in the parks.
iii) The people of the villages such as Chowadhi, Bahu Fort, Chichi Mata, Purmandal area etc, should take planting of fruit trees as a campaign. The trees could be planted along village paths, on the common village lands near wells, tube wells and other water source.
iv) The forgotten fruit trees are also recommended for planting in the nutrition gardens for the year round supply of fruit and vegetables.
v) “As elders planted trees for us. We lost them and now it becomes the duty of we people to plant trees for next generations”.
(The author is former Associate Dean-cum-cum Chief Scientist
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