Leonardo da Vinci’s quote, “Learn how to see. Everything is connected to everything else”, awakened my mind and I could feel the connection between philosophy and science. I fell back to two of my favourite sources of knowledge, the Bhagwad Gita and my chosen subject Physics, which represents the philosophy of all sciences, for a possible connection between east and west. The Gita represents the east and quantum theory, the west. In the process, a connection between philosophy and life emerged.
In the classification of material qualities, Krishna said in Chapter 18 of the Gita: ” Understand that the knowledge to be in the mode of goodness by which a person sees the one undivided imperishable reality within all diverse living beings”. It talks of connections between anything with any other thing. A Saatvik person sees a world of many, connected to each other. The world is conceived as a truly many-body system of interacting entities, controlled by an all-unifying force. Talking about Rajasik nature, Krishna said: “That knowledge is to be considered in the mode of passion by which one sees the manifold living entities in diverse bodies as individual and unconnected”. Rajasik persons see the world as isolated, non-interacting and unconnected.
The idea of interconnection is the basis behind the many-body theory in statistical physics and is handled by both classical and quantum theories, more so by the latter. The unconnected picture in Physics is described by an independent-entity model, which has its limitations.
Visualising an unconnected world is easy. Therefore many people think that way. That is why rajasik people are more in number than the Sattwik persons. It is a self-centric picture of the society.
But the true picture of life is an interconnected one. Processes that describe this picture are called cooperative phenomena. Cooperative endeavour induces order. Unconnected, individual behaviour results in disorder and randomness. Consider, for example, the random walk. This walk does not show a coherent picture of progress. In an NCC drill, there is cohesion and unison, because all cadets are connected to each other by the unifying force of drill rules and discipline. The picture shows order. As long as they follow rules, they are in order and undisturbed. Minor departures in the file can be quickly corrected. For example if one member of the file takes a wrong step, he immediately corrects it by skipping one step. Once there is relaxation in the discipline, they let loose. The order dissipates.
Krishna said, “There are some people who do not see whether or not the world is connected. For them it is meaningless, because they always live in a self-created darkness, devoid of knowledge. These are tamasik people who are lazy, slothful, inert and blind to reason and truth.
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