SAYED WASEEM UL HASSAN
Children are the flowers of heaven. They are the most beautiful and purest creation of God. They are innocent both inwardly and outwardly and as we know that children are the future of the country, but the mud of child labour becomes very harmful to the child rather it directly affects the future of the nation. It is also a fact that there are many children who play a key role in sustaining the economical life of their family without which, their families would not be able to make ends meet but,
Can we eliminate child labour…??
Though it is a desirable goal the fact remains that in the given socio-economic scenario that is prevalent in our country, it is virtually impossible to do away with child labour. One cannot dispute the fact that employers exploit children by paying them much less than what they would pay in adult and the future of the working children is ruined as they will not be able to attend schools and get educated for a better future.
But when one considers the economic compulsions of the families which force the children to work, one will be compelled to admit that elimination of child labour will be a distant dream as long as the socio-economic status of these families is not improved.
Realising the harm caused by child labour, the Indian Government made laws to protect children from exploitation at work and to improve their working condition. Besides, a comprehensive law called Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act. 1986, was promulgated to prohibit employment of children in certain hazardous occupations and processes.
In 1987, the Indian Government formulated National Police on Child Labour to protect the interests of children and focus on general development programmes for the benefit of children.
Government has enacted many provisions against the child labour. Some of them are as follows:
1. The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986
2. Right to Education Act, 2009
3. Factory Act,1948
4. The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act, 2016
As a part of this policy National Child Labour Projects have been set up in different parts of the country to rehabilitate child labour. Under these projects, special schools are established to prove non-formal education, vocational training, supplementary nutrition etc. to children who are withdrawn from employment.
Though elimination of child labour is an impossible task in the current socio-economic scenario, the Indian Government is committed to the task of ensuring that no child remains illiterate, hungry and without medical care. When this ideal will be achieved is a million dollar question.
The developed countries are exerting pressure on developing countries like India to eliminate child labour. According to the current thinking the developed countries may stop imports of those goods that involve child labour in their production.
Child labour is, no doubt, an evil that should be done away with at the earliest. The prevalence of child labour reflects very badly on society that is not able to stop this evil. But in a society where many households may have to suffer the pangs of hunger if the children are withdrawn from work, beggars can’t be choosers. These families have to send their children to work, even if the future of these innocents is ruined, as that is the only choice open for them to survive in this world.
I think we have to organise different seminars and various sorts of programmes to give the awareness to the poor parents who encourage the child labour. I Prime Minister Narindra Modi to direct the concerned authorities and official’s to take necessary steps in this regard.
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