Called Logos in the early Greek literature, the divine name stands for the cosmic order, higher wisdom and universal harmony.In the Indian tradition, Logos is equated with Nama. Nama is the note of eternity in the cosmic cycle of creation, subsistence, dissolution and recreation. It stands for the Universal Spirit that unveils God’s attributes.
It is Shabda, holy word that sustains everything, from planets and plants, to animals and humans, and much more. Nama is the ever-vibrant Nada, music that resounds in each atom of existence, and in every human heart. It is the whisper of eternity that can be heard by anyone who is internally awake. The human soul meets the universal soul by repeating a divine name. Different names of God – Rama, Krishna, Hari, Waheguru or some Ishta Devata, cher shed deity – refer to the same Supreme Being who is nameless.
Every name bears testimony to His existence. The name and its forms are not separate but one, like the sun and its rays. Each name ‘approximates to reality’; each reflects a divine attribute. Proximity to one name is proximity to the sum total of all the names. Each name represents a specific aspect of divinity that can be invoked with soulful solicitation. A person’s conviction in the power of the name is in proportion to the trust he has in himself.
Nama manifests in the form of Varna, syllables, and Dhvani, sounds, which complement and supplement each other. The verbalised expression of the primordial sound, AUM, connects one to the ultimate source of sounds. To understand the dynamics of Nama in its physical and metaphysical aspects, and to experience its divine power, one needs the guidance of a perfect Guru. Nama should be heard, Shravana, established within, manana, and finally realised through Nidhidhyasana.
The tradition of Sahasranama, remembering a deity by its thousand names, is as old as the Mahabharata. Puranas lay stress on the efficacy of the divine name in the Kali age.In Ramacharitamanas, Goswami Tulsidas says that the name of Rama is ‘a wish-yielding tree,”not even Rama can adequately glorify it.'( I.26.8) Medieval Bhakti saints spoke about the divine name in glorious terms. Jnaneshwara ‘silently counted the rosary of God’s name. Namdev was convinced that god can be attained by meditation on the Nama alone.
“Meditate time after time on God’s name – Rama, Krishna, Hari … it is the easiest way to reach Him.” Mirabai, who was in divine love with Sri Krishna, observed that ‘souls as heavy as stones can float with ease to the opposite shore by uttering His name.’ Purandara Dasa said that the names of Shri Hari could lead one to
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