The Trikha philosophy of Kashmir Shaivism is the theology of universal consciousness, a non-dualistic concept similar to Chit, Brahmn, in Vedanta. Trikha means three – the realities are Shiva, Shakti and the universe of macrocosm and microcosm (individualised soul).
All things are manifestations of ultimate consciousness out of which has evolved the universe. The phenomenal world is consciousness reflected in myriad unique beautiful forms and manifestation of Shakti, reciprocally created by adapted subject and object seen as ‘I’ and ‘This’.
Paramashiva is the supreme, non-evolving, undifferentiated and unmanifest Absolute. The manifest absolute is Shiva, I Am. Shakti, the energy. Both the unmanifest and manifest Absolute are His creative powers and therefore inseparable. All souls are one with Paramashiva, Absolute Consciousness, forgotten due to ignorance. But, through knowledge, one can recognise one’s divine nature and become liberated. The spiritual soul is entangled in mind, illusion, limited power, knowledge and desire within time and space.
The mental soul, purusha, subject prakriti, object; intellect, mind and ego; the five sense perceptions – hearing, feeling, seeing, tasting, smelling; the four action elements – speaking, handling, moving, elimination; six subtle elements of perception – taste, smell, form, touch, sound, reproduction; and five gross elements – ether, air, fire, water and earth constitute the Tattvas.
The universe is proliferation of Shakti at every plane, a divine macrocosm, which is constantly evolving. That is, creating, expanding and contracting but all in vibration wave or movement of consciousness. The cyclic movements of internalisation and externalisation occur within consciousness at the most elevated plane, Shiva-Shakti.
The dynamic nature of consciousness describes spanda, spontaneous vibration of universal consciousness as an expression of freedom and power. The Absolute is metaphorical as light and reflective awareness.
Divine play is the result of natural impulse of consciousness to express the totality of its Self-knowledge in action, an impulse arising out of love. Shiva and Shakti as the cosmic dual principle are the natural process of integration and transformation. Yoga is development of awareness of two opposites of the state transforming the two forces from their lower manifestations to higher reality in pure union.
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