The most common behavioural disorder in children (and even in adults) is called Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is characterised by several problems such as difficulty in paying attention, difficulty in controlling
behaviour and excessive indulgence in activities.The symptoms may differ from person to person. The condition may affect both children and adults.
ADHD may affect a person during his/ her childhood and it may get carried on in adulthood. Adults with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder may face trouble in managing time, organising tasks and work, difficulty in setting goals and trouble in sticking to one job.Health professionals may use the following terms to describe a child or an adult who is hyperactive:· Attention deficit disorder· Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder· Hyperkinetic disorder·
Hyperactivity Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is categorised into three types – Predominantly Inattentive Type, Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Type and Combined Type. In predominantly inattentive type, a person faces difficulty in completing a task. Also, organising a task becomes difficult. If a person is affected by predominantly hyperactive-impulsive disorder, he/ she cannot sit quietly.
They either fidget or have a tendency to talk a lot. They continue to jump, run or even try to climb. Children become extremely restless, impulsive and continuously interrupt
others. A person, who has predominantly hyperactive-impulsive ADHD type, often gets injured. Combined type of ADHD includes both, predominantly inattentive type and predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type.It is important to note that children who are hyperactive don’t always have ADHD. Consulting a doctor is always recommended if you feel the symptoms of ADHD in your child.
Here are some potential causes of ADHD:
Hereditary: An array of research has been done over the years on ADHD. However, a conclusion to many of them is still pending. Hereditary and genes are among them. While many studies suggest that there are possible ways that a child who has been diagnosed with ADHD may have a family member suffering from the same, any research is yet to confirm this.
There has been a lot of research into which gene maybe responsible for ADHD, yet none has been named so far.
Pregnancy factors: Bad nutrition, smoking, drinking or substance abuse during pregnancy can affect the child’s brain development. According to National Institute of Mental Health, prenatal exposure to alcohol and tobacco can increase the chances of a child getting ADHD. Debate is still on for food additives and condiments and their possible effect on a child’s brain.
Consumption of lead: Many recent studies have thrown light on consumption of lead and its relation with ADHD. This means consuming seafood like fish, lean meats like beef or dried foods in excess. However, this is yet to be proved and should only be taken into proper quantities.
Brain injury/disorder: Damage in the frontal lobe may lead to brain disorders including ADHD. There are many studies that have confirmed the connection between brain tumours and brain injuries and the disorder.
– Stay healthy throughout your pregnancy
– During pregnancy, avoid alcohol consumption
– Would-be-mothers are also advised for regular medical check-ups
Moving ahead with ADHD
Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) can find school life quite challenging. And it is completely understandable, given their inability to focus and sit still. Kids with ADHD find it difficult to organize, solve problems and exercise self-regulation. If something doesn’t interest them, they just won’t do it. They could sit in front of their homework for hours together and still manage to
write only a few words. They are impulsive and cannot control their whims and desires. If they feel like getting up and running around in class, they will. They can’t help it.
Myth and Facts:-
MYTH: Sugar causes ADHD.
FACT: This is false. No study has ever proven that sugar causes ADHD.
MYTH: ADHD is caused by watching television excessively.
FACT: No research has yet proven that watching television excessively can cause ADHD.
MYTH: ADHD is not a real disorder.
FACT: ADHD is a biologically proven disorder of the brain and is believed to be caused by an imbalance of the chemicals and neurotransmitters in the brain.
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