Prabuddhasya prabuddhasya dehino dehagehake.
Adeham vidyate cittam tyagastasya na vidyate (35)
Vasishta continued: Just as an army fashioned with clay is nothing but clay figurines, the entire universe is pure Self and non-dual. Since this non-dual Self alone exists, what is object and by whom is it perceived? Apart from that Supreme Self, there is nothing which can be referred to as ‘I’ or as ‘mine’.
Rama said: If that is so, Lord, why should evil action be abandoned and why should one be devoted to good action?
Vasishta said: But, first tell me, O Rama, what is action? How does action arise, what is its root and how is that root to be destroyed?
Rama said: Surely Lord that which has to be destroyed must be completely uprooted and its very roots destroyed. As long as the body lasts, there is action. It is rooted in this Samsara, world-appearance. In that body, actions spring from the limbs, organs of action. Vasana or mental habit is the seed for the organs of action.This mental habit functioning through the senses is capable of comprehending that which is at a great distance. These senses themselves are rooted in the mind, the mind is rooted in the jiva which is conditioned consciousness, and this in turn is rooted in the unconditioned which is, therefore, the root of all. Brahmn is the root of this unconditioned state and Brahmn has no roots. Thus, all actions are based on consciousness which objectifies itself and thus generates actions. If this does not happen that itself is the supreme state.
Vasishta said: In that case, O Rama, what is to be done and what is to be abandoned?
The mind continues to exist as long as the body continues to live, whether the embodied person is enlightened or ignorant. How can one abandon what is known as the ‘Jivahood’, individuality? But one should abandon that wrong notion of ‘I do’ and be engaged in the performance of appropriate action. On the awakening of the inner intelligence, the world-perception ceases and there arises psychological freedom or nonattachment. That is known as emancipation. When the objective or conditioned perception is abandoned, there is peace which is known as Brahmn. Perception or awareness of objects is known as action which expands into this samsara or world-appearance; cessation of such awareness is known as emancipation. Therefore, O Rama, abandonment of action is inappropriate as long as the body lives. Such abandonment gives action a value; that which is valued cannot be abandoned.
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